There are a number of changes happening to company car tax rules in 2020. Here's a summary of how you'll be affected ...
Company cars have always been a popular benefit for employees, however, both the employee and the employer need to consider the tax implications. Remember, if you use your company car for any form of private travel, you will have to pay tax for the privilege.
If fuel is free or subsidised by the employer for private use, then the employee must pay income tax on this benefit. As to how much, well, that depends on the fuel efficiency of the vehicle's engine, not how much fuel is provided. This has become less popular over time because of the increasingly punitive tax bills. This changes further in 2020 with the tax regime favouring greener cars.
The new rules from 2020 mean company car drivers choosing fully electric vehicles (known as EVs) will no longer pay benefit-in-kind (BIK) tax in 2020/21. The government is doing this in the hope of selling more and more emission-free cars.
It applies to:
- zero-emission vehicles registered either before or after 6th April 2020
- vehicles with emissions up to 50g/km with an electric range of at least 130 miles registered on or after 6th April 2020
Initially, the second group were going to get a 2% rate, but it seems the treasury are adjusting that down to 0%. Vehicles up to 50g/km that are unable to reach 130 miles on electric power will get lower rates, but we're not sure what they are at the moment.
Any hybrid that can reach up to 69 miles on electricity only received an 8% tax rate if it was registered before 6th April 2020, or just 6% when registered after that.
This pre/post disparity can be seen across the new company car tax rules. Anything registered before the 6th April 2020 will be taxed at 2% more than those registered after with that disparity being adjusted up (to the higher rate) after two years.
The Government see these changes as a welcome benefit for company car drivers of zero or very low emission vehicles. Employers also benefit as lower tax means lower Class 1A National Insurance charges.
The most significant change is the reintroduction of a zero tax rate for vehicles that can run on pure electricity for more than 130 miles at a time.
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